Automation testing is taking the world by storm and is getting one of the most sought after skills in the industry during the years. If you have any experience with automation tools, you must have come across the name Selenium and here you are looking for what it is and where do you use it at.
So what is Selenium?
Selenium is an open source tool which is used for automating the tests carried out on web browsers. To put that in perspective again, we can neither test any desktop (software) application nor test any mobile application using Selenium.
Since selenium is open source, there is no licensing cost involved, which is a major advantage over many other testing tools for professionals and amateurs alike. Some of the other features that make selenium more popular include
- A plethora of test script language options such as Java, python, C #, PHP, Ruby and more.
- Tests can be carried out using any browser: Mozilla, Firefox, IE, Google Chrome, Safari and even Opera.
- The In built Ability of Selenium to integrate seamlessly with Tools like TestNG and JUnit make managing test cases and report generation as easier task. The tool is also integrated with Maven, Jenkins and Docker to achieve a continuous testing platform.
- The Open Source nature of the testing also makes it possible to enhance the power of selenium which makes it more easily designable for more powerful testing.
The need to automate test tools
Software testing is of two types: Manual Testing & Automation Testing. Selenium was founded as an automation testing tool to overcome the drawbacks/ limitations of manual testing. Manual testing means the (web) application is tested manually by QA testers. Tests need to be performed manually in every environment, using a different data set and the success/ failure rate of every transaction should be recorded. Meanwhile, Automation testing beats manual testing every time. Why? Because it is faster, needs less investment in human resource, it is not prone to errors, frequent execution of tests is possible, supports lights out execution, and supports regression testing and also functional testing.
So in conclusion, Selenium is a powerful automation test tool that just powerful and also staying simple enough almost anybody to work on such a project. The biggest deal maker that selenium holds is the easy integrations with other framework to make up with its own shortcomings making it one of the most powerful in the industry.